VIRUS: Making & Breaking the Pandemic will take viewers back and forward again through time to reflect on Winnipeg’s response to the challenges posed by two pandemics – the Spanish Influenza of 1918 and the Covid 19 pandemic of 2020 – and explore what we have and haven’t learned.


Research and Writing

Paula Kelly
Jim Smith
Heritage Winnipeg
Pattern Interactive


Heritage Winnipeg Archives
Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Library
Hudson Bay Archives, Provincial Archives of Manitoba
Wikimedia Commons
United Church of Canada Archives


Digital References

Books and Offline Articles Herring D.A. “There Were Young People and Old People and Babies Dying Every Week”: The 1918-1919 Influenza Pandemic at Norway House. Ethnohistory. 1994;41(1):73-105.
‘Atlas of World Population History’ by Colin McEvedy and Richard Jones, published by Penguin Books 1978
‘Flu’ The Story of the Great Influenza of 1918 and the Search for the Virus that caused it’ by Gina Kolata, published by Touchstone 1999
‘Pandemic 1918’ by Catharine Arnold published by St Martin’s Griffin 2018


University of Manitoba Libraries; Archives & Special Collections Tribune Archives
Winnipeg Free Press Archives
Manitoba Keewatinowi Okimakanak Inc.


Jones, Esyllt W., Influenza 1918: Disease, Death, and Struggle in Winnipeg,University of Toronto Press, 2007
Pettigrew, Eileen, The Silent Enemy: Canada and the Deadly Flu of 1918, Western Producer Prairie Books, Saskatoon, SK